The DO Vinos de Madrid was awarded in 1990 and encompasses three sub-zones which lie north of the Castilla-La Mancha.
The three sub-zones of the Madrid DO reflect the diversity of its wine portfolio. The climate is variable and differences in soil composition across the DO underline the importance of the sub-zones.
Arganda is by far the largest sub-zone, with more than 50% of Madrid’s vineyards and 60% of its total production. The local climate is strong continental with extreme variations in seasonal temperatures. The soil is a mixture of clay and lime. Arganda‘s most prominent grape varieties are Tinto Fino, Airen and Malvar. This is where some of the most interesting Roses are made.
San Martin is in the eastern most part of the DO. It is home to nearly 35% of the region’s vineyards and produces around 25% of its wine. The climate is continental, but San Martín gets more rainfall. Red wine production is mostly with Garnacha and the whites are most commonly made with Albillo.
Navalcarnero forms the middle section of the DO and produces less of its wine. The climate here is similar to the other Madrid sub-zones, but the clay-based soil is low in nutrients and lime. Garnacha is the main red grape, while Malvar produces the best whites.